The scales of Pantuvarali are as follows :

Aarohanam (Ascending) : S R1 G3 M2 P D1 N3 S’
Avarohanam (Descending) : S’ N3 D1 P M2 G3 R1 S

It is also called Kamavardani and Kashiramakriya. It is 51st on the Melakarta scale.

51 Pantuvarali

A very popular raga, it is sung near the start of concerts. A beautifully evocative and meditative raga, it has a note of pathos and pleading which works very well of the prayer songs written by the saints in Carnatic Music. The Hindustani raga Pooriya Dhanashree is very similar. There are many well-known kritis in this raga, some of which are Apparama Bhakti, Ninnu Nere Nammi, and Shiva Shiva Shiva by Tyagaraja, Ramanatham Bhajeham by Muthuswami Dikshithar, Endaganu Rama Bhajana by Bhadrachala Ramadas and Paripalaya Sarasiruha and Saraksha Paripalaya by Swati Tirunal.

Tamil readers may enjoy seeing this lecture-demo on the raga by Charulata Mani in her Isai Payanam series.

Note : The 12 notes in the octave are named as below. Please note that C is used as Sa for the sake of simplicity as the scale is relative in Carnatic Music. Also note that the scales paint only a superficial picture of the raga as the gamakas(ornamentations) are a very important part of a raga.


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