The scales of Huseni (Useni) are as follows :

Aarohanam (Ascending) : S R2 G2 M1 P N2 D2 N2 S’
Avarohanam (Descending) : S’ N2 D1 P M1 G2 R2 S

It is a janya raga, derived from Kharaharapriya (see below) which is 22nd on the Melakarta scale.

22 Kharaharapriya

It is a comparatively rarely sung raga though there exist compositions by major composers. I believe that being very phrase oriented and close to major ragas make elaborations very difficult in this Raga. Tyagaraja has composed a number of kritis like Emani Vegintune, Raghuvira Ranadhira and Rama Ninne Nammi. Swati Thirunal’s Kanakamayam, Arunachala Kavi’s Eppadi Manam Thunindado, Muthuswami Dikshithar’s Shri Kalahistisha are other compositions most often heard in concerts.

I tend to confuse this raga with Bhairavi; it also sounds like Mukhari in some phrases. There is a good analysis of the typical phrases of Huseni and the distinctions between the allied ragas here.

Note : The 12 notes in the octave are named as below. Please note that C is used as Sa for the sake of simplicity as the scale is relative in Carnatic Music. Also note that the scales paint only a superficial picture of the raga as the gamakas(ornamentations) are a very important part of a raga.



4 responses to “Huseni

  1. Sundararajan

    A comparison and clarification with Bhairavi and Mukhari would have been welcome. I too always land in confusion when I sing Huseni.

    • Thank you for the comment. I am so unqualified to enumerate the differences! I wish some knowledgeable people write about this so we all can learn…
      cheers. Suja

      • Aravind

        Huseni WAS allied to Karaharapriya. Huseni takes only chathushruthi dhaivatham, except in phrases like PDP, MDM et al.
        Also, phrases like RGMP Ga, PNDNS, MPS, RGMGRS, long Rishabham are much unique to this ragam.
        Arohana is more of sampoorna , like PDNS, PNDNS can be seen in Huseni and not in Mukhari. A rare phrase PDND is seen in both Mukhari and Huseni. But the second dhaivatham is suddha variety in Mukhari and chathushruthi in Huseni.
        Actually, Huseni is more allied with Karaharapriya. Both can take SRGMPDNS SNDPMGRS.
        But, Huseni has its own flavour as expressed through the phrases mentioned above.

      • Thank you for sharing your knowledge, both on my behalf and on behalf of my readers.

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