Maitrim Bhajata

Happy New Year 2016 replace 2015 concept on the sea beach

Happy New Year

So one more year has come to an end. That one micro-second when one year finishes and another year starts seems momentous, doesn’t it? Yet it is no different from the millions of micro-seconds that we have lived so far. We greet this new micro-second with cheers and wishes, hopes and dreams..and if one is particularly foolish like myself, resolutions that won’t last a week! I wonder, why do we cheer the unknown to come instead of grieving the end of one more period of one’s life? One starts life with endless possibilities but as moments pass the possibilities become fewer and fewer until at the last moment of our life there is only one possibility left. So while the world lights the skies with fireworks and parties its way into the New Year, I am sombre, looking back at what might have been and what is not.

2015 was such a hard year for so many people. I grieve for the all the people killed and maimed by terrorism and fundamentalism whether in Paris, Nigeria, Iraq, Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan, Philippines, Yemen, Kenya or the innumerable other places which have seen such incidents. At the start of 2015 they too would have cheered and hoped and made resolutions which they did not keep. What happened to all those wishes when the terrorists blew them up? Did they disappear from the earth or are those wishes hanging heavily like overladen clouds? I grieve for all those affected by natural disasters, be it in the floods in Chennai, Malawi or Mozambique, the drought in Ethiopia, the heat wave in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, earthquakes in Nepal and Chile, wildfires in Canada, California and Australia, landslides in Burma, avalanches in Afghanistan or innumerable other such incidents. Did they not receive good wishes at the start of 2015? If they survived the disasters, will they ever heal from what 2015 did to them? I grieve for the earth itself which we continue to treat with careless abandon, filling landfills with toxic or non-biodegradable waste, filling the air with carbon and other emissions, filling rivers and water sources with even more waste. As polar bears struggle in melting ice caps, fish struggle with low oxygen levels in the water and animals struggle with disastrous changes in their habitat, shall we still cheer the start of 2016 or grieve over all that we could have done but didn’t in 2015? We humans selfishly follow agendas for individual interest at the cost of collective well-being, whether by killing rhinos for their horns, enslaving women for their bodies, using poverty as a weapon against the poor and in so many other ways that I despair of it all. All one can feel is shame that one is part of the same human race which does so much harm to itself and its environment.

Yet here is 2016, whether we want it or not. At the start of the year hope springs eternal, does it not! So I shall set aside all the grief of that which has passed and hope for joy and contentment in the future, not just for myself but for all of us who call earth our home. And I invoke the prayer song written by the Kanchi Paramacharya, Jagatguru Chandrasekharendra Saraswati and tuned by Shri Vasant Desai. On Oct 23 1966 M.S.Subbulakshmi sang it in the United Nations. This immortal song is as meaningful in today’s times as it was then. Please do read the translation in the footnote below, there is good advice for us all. May 2016 bring us all wisdom to follow the path recommended by the Paramacharya.

(from 6:14)

A much older M.S. sings the same song in the video below :


Footnote : Lyrics

Language : Sanskrit

in Raga Yamuna Kalyani

मैत्रीम् भजत अखिल हृज्जेत्रीम् (= हृत् जेत्रीम् )
आत्मवदेव 
परानपि पश्यत (= आत्मवत् एव परान् अपि पश्यत)
युद्धम् त्यजत 
स्पर्धां त्यजत
त्यजत 
परेषु परेष्वक्रममाक्रमणम् (=परेषु अक्रम आक्रमणम्) ||

in Raga Kapi

जननी पृथिवी काम दुघास्ते (=दुघा आस्ते)
जनको 
देवः सकल दयालुः
दाम्यत 
दत्त दयध्वं जनताः
श्रेयो 
भूयात् सकल जनानाम् ||

Transliteration :

maitrIm bhajata akhila hRjjEtrIm
AtmavadEva parAnapi pashyata
yuddham tyajata spardhAm tyajata
tyajata parEshu akramamAkramaNam
jananI pRthivI kAmadughAstE
janakO dEvah sakala dayAluh
dAmyata datta dayadhvam janatAh
shrEyO bhUyAt sakala janAnAm

Translation :

Win over (jEtrIm) all hearts (hRt) by practising (bhajata) friendship (maitrIm).
Think (pashyata, literally look) at others (parAn) exactly (Eva) like you think of yourself (Atmavat).
Forsake (tyajata) war (yuddham), forsake (tyajata) competitiveness (spardhAm),
forsake (tyajata) sudden (akrama) attacks (Akramanam) on others (parEshu).
Mother (jananI) Earth (pRthivI) exists (AstE) like a wish (kAma) fulfilling cow (dughA) (reference to kAmadhEnu).
God (dEvah), our father (janaka), is completely (sakala) compassionate (dayAluh)
Be self-restrained (dAmyata), be charitable (datta), be merciful (dayadhvam). (*from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, see below).
May (bhUyAt) all (sakala) people (janAnAm) be prosperous/blissful/fortunate (shrEya)

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, verses 5.2.1-5.2.3

त्रयाः प्राजापत्याः प्रजापतौ पितरि ब्रह्मचर्यमूषुःदेवा मनुष्या असुराः; उषित्वा ब्रह्मचर्यं देवा ऊचुः, वीतु नो भवानिति; तेभ्यो हैतदक्शरमुवाच द इति; व्यज्ञासिष्टा3 इति; व्यज्ञासिष्मेति होचुः, दाम्यतेति 
आत्थेति; ओमिति होवाच, व्यज्ञासिष्टेति 

Three classes of Prajāpati’s sons lived a life of continence with their father, Prajāpati (Virāj)—the gods, men and Asuras. The gods, on the completion of their term, said, ‘Please instruct us.’ He told them the syllable ‘Da’ (and asked), ‘Have you understood?’ (They) said, ‘We have. You tell us: Control yourselves.’ (He) said, ‘Yes, you have understood.’

अथ  हैनं मनुष्या ऊचुः, ब्रवीतु नो भवानिति; तेभ्यो हैतदेवाक्शरमुवाच द इति; व्यज्ञासिष्टा3 इति; व्यज्ञासिष्मेति होचुः, दत्तेति न आत्थेति; ओमिति होवाच, व्यज्ञासिष्टेति 

Then the men said to him, ‘Please instruct us.’ He told them the same syllable ‘Da’ (and asked), ‘Have you understood?’ (They) said, ‘We have. You tell us: Give.’ (He) said, ‘Yes, you have understood.’

अथ हैनमसुरा ऊचुः, ब्रवीतु नो भवानिति; तेभ्यो हैतदेवाक्शरमुवाच द इति; व्यज्ञासिष्टा3 इतिव्यज्ञासिष्मेति होचुः, दयध्वमिति न आत्थेति; ओमिति होवाच, व्यज्ञासिष्टेति; तदेतदेवैषा दैवी वागनुवदति स्तनयित्नुर् द द द इतिदाम्यत दत्त दयध्वमिति; तदेतत्त्रयं शिक्शेत्— मं
दानं दयामिति   

Then the Asuras said to him, ‘Please instruct us.’ He told them the same syllable ‘Da’ (and asked), ‘Have you understood?’ (They) said, ‘We have. You tell us: ‘Have compassion.’ (He) said, ‘Yes, you have understood.’ That very thing is repeated by the heavenly voice, the cloud, as ‘Da,’ ‘Da,’ ‘Da’: ‘Control yourselves,’ ‘Give,’ and ‘Have compassion.’ Therefore one should leam these three—self-control, charity and compassion.

Explanation :

The present section is introduced to prescribe the three disciplines of self-control etc. Three classes of Prajāpati’s sons lived a life of continence, i.e. lived as students, since continence is the most important part of a student’s life, with their father, Prajāpati. Who were they? The gods, men and Asuras, in particular. Of them, the gods, on the completion of their term—what did they do?—said to their father, Prajāpati, ‘Please instruct us.’ When they thus sought his instruction, he told them only the syllable‘Da’; and saying it the father asked them,’ you understood the meaning of the syllable I told you by way of instruction, or not?’ The gods said, ‘We have.’ ‘If so, tell me what I said.’ The gods said, ‘You tell us: Control yourselves, for you are naturally unruly.’ The other said, ‘Yes, you have understoodrightly.’

The common portions are to be explained as before. ‘You tell us: Give—distribute your wealth to the best of your might, for you are naturally avaricious. What else would you say for our benefit?’—so said the men.

Similarly the Asuras took it as, ‘Have compassion, be kind to all, for you are cruel, given to injuring others, and so on.’ That very instruction of Prajāpati continues to this day. Prajāpati, who formerly taught the gods and others, teaches us even to-day through the heavenly voice of the cloud. How? Here is the heavenly voice heard. Which is it? The cloudAs ‘Da,’ ‘Da,’ ‘Da’: ‘Control yourselves,’ ‘Give,’and ‘Have compassion.’ The syllable ‘Da’ is repeated thrice to represent in imitation the above three terms, not that a cloud produces three notes only, for we know of no such limitation as to number. Because to this day Prajāpati gives the same instructions, ‘Control yourselves,’ ‘Give’ and ‘Have Compassion,’ therefore one should learn these three of Prajāpati. What are they? Self-control, charity and compassion. Men should think, ‘We must carry out the instructions of Prajāpati.’ The Smṛti too says, ‘Lust, anger and greed—these are the three gateways to hell, destructive to the self; therefore one should renounce these three’ (G. XVI. 21). The preceding portion is but a part of this injunction, ‘One should learn,’ etc. Still those who can guess the motives of others hold different views on why Prajāpati spoke the same syllable ‘Da’ thrice to the gods etc., who wanted separate instructions, and how they too discriminatingly understood his intention from the same syllable ‘Da.’

Reference : http://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/the-brihadaranyaka-upanishad/d/doc122189.html

10 Comments

Filed under Carnatic Music, Chandrasekharendra Saraswati, Compositions in Sanskrit, M.S.Subbulakshmi

10 responses to “Maitrim Bhajata

  1. I liked your post Suja, but I for one see nothing to celebrate in the passing of our planet’s circumvolution in space and around the sun. To me this moment in time is completely conventional. If scientists told us one day: oh you know in fact the New Year is April 1st now (it used to be like that) or even: the New Year doesn’t correspond to anything, my life would be exactly the same. As you point out, the NY resolutions are just a game without any real impact. Still, I know people need moments to ritualize time, and maybe the NY is there for that… so: happy new year to you and your family.

    • Absolutely, that was exactly my point! Why celebrate this moment which is so many other moments? And is not each moment a start of another year? But you and I are in the minority I think; everyone I know seems to see this as a moment to celebrate! Thank you for your wishes, may 2016 be all that you dream of!
      Cheers. Suja

  2. Thank you for your thoughtful post! It is a perfect morning read on this random day. Ironically it directs me to this beautiful bhajata rendered by M.S.Subbulakshmi that I have here in my own collection! I hadn’t been aware of it until now.

  3. Welcome back Suja. A lovely post to start the New Year off – whatever may be the illogic of an arbitrary date, we do need some occasion to look forward to with hope.

    Of course, this song will forever be associated with MS. Some songs can simply not be sung by anybody else. This is one such. The priceless UN concert video that surfaced on YouTube is a true collector’s item. For decades we listened to it only on LPs.

    I had never given a though to the meaning and significance of the song – just enjoyed the melody. Very educational it has been understanding the meaning and the interpretation. I know it takes hours and days of hard work by you to compose one post. If ever you ask yourself if its worth it, please know that there is at least one reader who is immeasurably enriched by your work.

    • Thank you Ramesh for such a lovely and encouraging comment! You have been my one regular and always positive reader; I do so appreciate your support. I admit, I sometimes wonder if its time to call it a day with this blog; I’ll try and remember your words when such thoughts come to me in the future🙂
      Cheers. Suja

  4. srini

    Hi Suja –

    A very happy new year to you and your family. I had commented about 2 weeks about MS amma and here you are with Maitreem Bhajataam…How wonderful !!
    ===============
    srini
    December 14, 2015 at 8:35 pm
    Suja – Hard to believe that it has been 11 years since MS Amma left us. I found a wonderful site which pays tribute to the legend with anecdotes and songs. I wanted to share it with you.

    http://www.msstribute.org/index.php

    • Hi Srini, Indeed you inspired me to think of MS Amma🙂 Sorry for not responding to the previous comment, I was travelling across the world when it arrived and then it slipped my jet-lagged-and-comatose brain! Thank you for directing me to the Tribute site, its very well done isn’t it!
      cheers. Suja

  5. It’s true that every moment is just another one in an endless cycle, but I guess sometimes humans need to highlight certain moments to mark the passing of time – anniversaries, birthdays, milestones – it’s something to look forward to and work towards, a point to stop and reflect, and a point to set new goals and give hope. We need to take things in manageable portions, otherwise I’m not sure we could really bear the infinite nature of time. And it doesn’t matter which moment we choose to highlight, as long as there is one and we know we can expect it again next time.
    So on that note of pausing, and reflecting, and hoping, what a beautiful song to represent this. The translation really brings depth and meaning to the music, so thank you – your efforts in this always have an impact. A very happy new year to you!🙂

    • What a well written comment Sakthi! I was nodding to myself as I read – your points are very valid indeed! Thank you for your kind words and a very happy New Year to you too!!
      Cheers. Suja

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